Above: Air to Fuels involves capturing CO2 from the atmosphere, producing green hydrogen with low-carbon electricity, and reacting the two to form liquid transportation fuels such as gasoline, diesel, or Jet-A. Such fuels can be closed carbon cycle and can displace the need for crude oil.
Air to fuels (A2F) is our term for combining our direct air capture technology with water electrolysis and fuels synthesis to produce liquid hydrocarbon fuels. This process combines several quickly-evolving technologies, and has three major steps. First, our DAC process captures and purifies CO2 from atmospheric air. Second, clean electricity (such as solar PV) is used to electrolyze water and generate hydrogen. Third, the CO2 and hydrogen are thermo-catalytically reacted to produce syngas, and reacted again to produce hydrocarbons. In principle, a wide variety of hydrocarbons can be generated, but our focus is predominantly on diesel and jet fuel.